Timeline: Russian Federation

>> Thursday, December 11, 2008

Timeline: Russian Federation
Marked by the dissolution of the USSR and conflict in Chechnya

by David Johnson

ယင္းေနရာမွ ကူးယူသည္။


Soviet Union disintegrates; 14 former republics become independent nations. Russian Federation formed; Boris Yeltsin appointed, later elected president


Yeltsin ends supremacy of Communist Party, privatizes state-run enterprises, guarantees free press; businessmen, mobsters begin to take over economy, massive corruption sets in


Russia invades breakaway province of Chechnya; humiliated, withdraws with heavy casualties


Russian stock market crashes, economy collapses


Second Chechen war, Russia crushes rebels; Vladimir Putin elected president


Russian Orthodox Church bestows sainthood on Czar Nicholas and 1,000 others killed by Communists


Chechen rebels seize a crowded Moscow theater and detain 763 people. Armed and wired with explosives, the rebels demand that the Russian government end the war in Chechnya. Government forces storm the theater after releasing a gas into the theater that kills not only all the rebels but more than 100 hostages.


Chechens vote in a referendum that approves a new regional constitution making Chechnya a separatist republic within Russia. Agreeing to the constitution means abandoning claims for complete independence, and the new powers accorded the republic are little more than cosmetic.


President Vladimir Putin is reelected with 70% of the vote. In September, dozens of heavily armed guerrillas seize a school in Beslan, near Chechnya, and hold about 1,100 young schoolchildren, teachers, and parents hostage. Hundreds of hostages are killed, including about 156 children.


Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev, who was responsible for the horrific Beslan terrorist attack, is killed.


Former president Boris Yeltsin dies in April.


Dmitri Medvedev is elected president, succeeding Vladimir Putin. Medvedev nominates Putin as prime minister.
Russia enters the conflict between Georgia and a breakaway region, South Ossetia, with troops and tanks pouring into South Ossetia to support the region in August.
Russia intensifies its involvement, moving troops into Abkhazia, another breakaway region, and launching airstrikes at Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia. Dozens are killed, hundreds are wounded, and thousands of people in South Ossetia flee their homes.
President Medvedev orders an end to military action in Georgia, although sporadic fighting continues.
Russian tanks occupy Gori, a strategic town 40 miles from Tbilisi, and hundreds of Russian soldiers cross the border into South Ossetia. Leaders of EU nations, the United States, and NATO have warn Russia to end the conflict in Georgia.
Medvedev signs a revised cease-fire, but Russian troops remain in Georgia. Georgia demands that a provision in the original agreement be amended to allow only those Russian peacekeepers who were in Georgia before the hostilities began to remain. The deal is tentative at best.


Anonymous December 11, 2008 at 10:45 PM  

Russian timeline အေၾကာင္း အရင္တစ္ခါကေတာ႔ ဖတ္ဖူးတယ္ ဦးဦးနိ။ ဒါေပမယ္႔ Dmitri Medvedev တက္ျပီးေနာက္ပိုင္းေတာ႔ ခုမွသိရတယ္။ အရမ္းတိုးတက္တိုင္း တအားကိုဆိုးရြားေနတာပဲဗ်ာ။ ျပီးေတာ႔ဒီသမၼတကလည္း Putin ရဲ႕တပည္႔ဆိုပဲေနာ္။
Putin ၾကီးကပဲ ခ်ဳပ္ကိုင္ထားဆဲပဲ။ ေနာက္ထပ္ဘာေတြျဖစ္ၾကဦးမလဲေတာ႔ ေစာင့္ၾကည္႔ရဦးမွာေပါ႔။ ခုလိုေ၀ငွလို႔ ေက်းဇူးရွလူးပါ။

Anonymous December 12, 2008 at 4:19 AM  

ကိုနိ...ဘာသာျပန္ေပးေလ း) အေနာ္က ဘိုလိုမေတာ္ဘူးး ။

May Moe December 12, 2008 at 7:52 AM  

ေမာင္မ်ိဳးေျပာသလိုပဲ :D

sin dan lar December 12, 2008 at 1:06 PM  

ေမာင္မ်ိဳးနဲ႕ ေမမိုး ေျပာသလိုပဲ :D:D:D

ဇနိ December 12, 2008 at 1:12 PM  

ေမာင္မ်ိဳး ေမမိုး ဆင္ဒဏ္လာ တို႔ ေျပာသလိုပဲ...
မဇနိ ဘာသာျပန္ပါဗ်ိဳ႕

တားျမစ္ ထားေသာ... December 22, 2008 at 4:01 AM  

ရုရွရဲ႕ ေခတ္အေျပာင္းအလဲေတြကို ေအးေဆး ေလ့လာသြားပါတယ္။ သေဘာက်တယ္။ ျမန္မာျပန္ဆိုရင္ေတာ့ ဖတ္ရတာ စိတ္ထဲပိုေရာက္တာေပါ့။


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